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Andrew Schulze Papers

Identifier: Collection ID-0751

Scope and Contents

The collection contains files on churches, synods, and conferences, organizations and institutions, periodicals, people, biographical information, and miscellaneous items.


  • 1930 - 1954

Biographical / Historical

Andrew Schulze was born 8 March 1896 in Cincinnati, Ohio and graduated from the Concordia Seminary in Springfield,Illinois in 1924. He served Holy Trinity Church there, an all-black congregation from August 1924 until May 1928. He was called to St.Philips Church in St.Louis and installed June 3, 1928. His call was to gather in the Negro community. The newly founded parish became the first self-supporting congregation composed mostly of Negro members, and an assistant pastor was called while Schulze was there in 1943. By 1944 two daughter congregations (St.Michael in Kinloch and Holy Sacraments) were formed.

Acutely aware of the problems of integrating the Negro community into the church, he was president of the General Conference of Mission workers and Mission Congregations of the synodical conference from 1930 until 1946. In 1938 he founded the St.Louis Society for Better Race Relations (Lutheran) which published a bulletin, and held various conferences,conventions, and institutes. He was also active on the St.Louis Race Relations Commission. In 1941 he published Neighbor of Another Color which sought acceptance of Negroes in the white community as equals.

He fought activly to allow Negroes into Synodical schools, and lectured, and wrote many articles which were published in the American Lutheran, the Walther League Messenger, and the Lutheran Witness on race relations.

In September 1947 he was installed as missionary-at-large in Chicago under the Northern Illinois District to organize and work among approximately 360,000 Negroes in the south side of Chicago. In November 1949 Christ the King congregation which he organized dedicated its first building, and Andrew Schulze prepared to move further south. He was, however, called to be and accepted the position of pastor of Christ the King in 1950.

He was instrumental in founding the Lutheran Human Relations Association in 1953. In June 1954 he accepted the position of executive secretary of that organization together with part-time teaching position at Valparaiso where the LHRAA was then relocated. Since 1953 LHRAA had been publishing The Vanguard. He was installed on July 10 and served until 1964 when he became director of research for LHRAA. His successor was Karl Lutze. He retired officially in 1967 from his position. He continued to be active in promoting racial understand and lessening discrimnation.

In 1924 he married Margaret Goering (June 25, 1902 - August 5, 1982). They had three sons, all pastors; Paul John (March 5, 1926 - August 5, 2013), Herbert Andrew (April 19, 1930 - January 3, 2006), and Raymond Carl (October 3, 1932 - March 14, 2011). Andrew Schulze has been honored by Valparaiso University with the LL.D. degree (1953) and Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis with the D.D. degree (1966). Andrew Schulze died March 30, 1982 and was buried at Cincinnati, Ohio.


2.27 Linear Feet (Five 5" document boxes; one 2" document box; three rolls microfilm (pos/neg))

Language of Materials


Physical Location\; Microfilm 0743-0745 A preliminary inventory is available in the CHI Library. This collection has been microfilmed (#0743-0745).

Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Concordia Historical Institute Repository

804 Seminary Place
Saint Louis MO 63105 USA